红树林游戏网络代理: Study discovers microplastics in New Zealand's seabed

本文地址:http://agu.3355803.com/2021-07/16/content_34999942.htm
文章摘要:红树林游戏网络代理,♂堕落天子雷霆霹雳闪烁彩毛客户端、澳门胜博发网络、77彩票上海时时乐爆星光诀。

WELLINGTON, July 16 (Xinhua) -- A pilot study carried out by New Zealand's National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) and the University of Auckland has found microplastics in samples collected from the seafloor in New Zealand's Marlborough Sounds, NIWA said in a statement Friday.

A global problem, microplastics have been found across the planet including in alpine soils, Antarctic waters and at the bottom of oceanic trenches, thousands of meters below the sea surface.

Microplastics are defined as pieces of plastic less than 5 mm long and are either manufactured to be small or derived from larger plastics that have broken down into smaller pieces.

NIWA marine geologist Sally Watson co-led the study with University of Auckland's Drs Marta Ribó and Lorna Strachan.

In July 2020, several sediment cores were collected by NIWA research vessel Ikatere from Long Island - Kokomohua Marine Reserve, near the mouth of the Queen Charlotte Sound, 30 km from Picton.

The samples were collected by a corer that extracts sediment up to one meter into the seafloor in waters 30-70 meters deep.

Dr. Watson and Dr. Ribó processed the samples in a laboratory by mixing them with a chemical solution and filtering them to extract the micro-sized plastic particles.

Analysis found microplastic pellets, fragments and fibers, colored blue, black, white, and red in the samples.

"We didn't expect to see such a range of different microplastics quite far away from an urban area," Watson said.

Further analysis will be needed to determine where the microplastics may have come from, but Watson said potential sources could include paint chips from boats, monofilament fishing line and microfibers from clothes.

Recent studies by NIWA and Auckland University found microplastics in the guts and muscle tissue of several species of fish caught in the Hauraki Gulf.

Watson said that animals feed on seafloor sediments and microplastics are understood to move up marine food chains. Nanoplastic particles (1,000 times smaller than microplastics) can pass through cell membranes into living tissue, although further research into the impact of nanoplastics is required.

Watson said the next steps for the research will be to determine what items the microplastics are coming from, analysing further sediment cores from the area to determine how widespread the problem is and understanding how deep microplastics are in our seafloor.

Between 60 and 90 percent of the litter that accumulates on shorelines, the surface and the sea floor is made up of plastic. Each year, an estimated 8 million tons of plastic end up in the ocean, equivalent to a full garbage truck dumped into the sea every minute, according to a report by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The UNEP launched Clean Seas Campaign in 2017 to push global efforts to tackle single-use plastics and microbeads.

[ Editor: WPY ]

红树林游戏网络代理:More From Guangming Online

体育赌博现金 微彩票软件 酷彩娱乐手机电子游戏 多宝娱乐会员游戏 新博娱乐贵宾厅
太阳2娱乐网开户直营 豪门传奇棋牌下载地址 注册送18元无需申请 奔驰娱乐现金充值 盛天国际app下载
何氏贵宾会游戏官网 高赔率吉林11选5 永利电玩城官方 尊亿娱乐百家乐网址 快购彩票极速牛牛
金沙国际注册娱乐网址 希尔顿游戏希尔顿棋牌 申博免费开户 银河游戏登入 太阳城申博总代理